Profile

Prof Vincent Janik

Prof Vincent Janik
Professor of Biology
Director of Scottish Oceans Institute


  • 1992 German Masters degree in Biology (Freie Universität Berlin, Germany)
  • 1998 PhD (University of St Andrews,UK)
  • 1998-2000 German National Merit Foundation Postdoctoral Investigator (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, USA)
  • 2001 Marie-Curie Postdoctoral Investigator (University of St Andrews, UK)
  • 2002-2009 Royal Society University Research Fellow (University of St Andrews, UK)
  • 2009/2010 Fellow of the Wisseschaftskolleg Berlin - Centre for Advanced Study, Germany
  • 2009-2014 Reader in Biology (University of St Andrews, UK)
  • since 2014 Professor in Biology (University of St Andrews, UK)

I am working in the field of animal communication, specializing in marine mammals. My main research interest is the evolution of complexity in communication systems and how this complexity can affect social interaction. This work takes two different approaches. I investigate environmental constraints that influence the design of vocal communication systems and the underlying cognitive skills required to overcome or circumvent such constraints. Much of this work concentrates on vocal communication in the bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus). This species combines the ability of vocal learning with complex cognitive skills that exceed those of most other animals. Comparative work focuses on grey and harbour seals as well as other dolphin species. I am a member of the Sea Mammal Research Unit and the Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution. If you want to join my group, please click here.

source: symbiosis

Research Overview:

I am interested in the evolution of complexity in communication systems and how this complexity can affect social interaction. This work takes two different approaches. On the one hand I investigate environmental constraints that influence the design of vocal communication systems, and on the other I study the underlying cognitive skills required to overcome or circumvent such constraints. Much of this work concentrates on vocal communication in the bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus). This species combines the ability of vocal learning with complex cognitive skills that exceed those of most other animals. Furthermore, dolphins rely almost exclusively on acoustic communication which avoids the difficulties connected with studying multi-modal communication systems.

 

20 (of 88 /dk/atira/pure/researchoutput/status/published available) for vj (source: University of St Andrews PURE)
Please click title of any item for full details

Bottlenose dolphin calves have multi-year elevations of plasma oxytocin compared to all other age classes Kelly Joanne Bunting, Kerstin Ternes, Neil Hazon, Randall Wells, Vincent Janik
General and Comparative Endocrinology 2020 vol. 286
Repeated downsweep vocalizations of the Araguaian river dolphin, Inia araguaiensis Gabriel Melo Alves dos Santos, Sam F. Walmsley, Miriam Marmontel, Marcelo Oliveira-da-Costa , Vincent Janik
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 2020 vol. 147 pp. 748-756
Effects of impulsive noise on marine mammals Gordon Drummond Hastie, Nathan Merchant, Thomas Goetz, Debbie JF Russell, Paul Thompson, Vincent Janik
Ecological Applications 2019 vol. 29
Formant modification through vocal production learning in gray seals Vincent Janik
Current Biology 2019 vol. 29 pp. 2244-2249
Individual Signatures in Animal Groups: Cetaceans Laela S. Sayigh, Vincent Janik
2019 vol. 1 pp. 539-549
Managing the effects of noise from ship traffic, seismic surveying and construction on marine mammals in Antarctica Christine Erbe, Michael Dähne, Jonathan Charles David Gordon, Heike Herata, Dorian Houser, Sven Koschinski, Russell Leaper, Robert McCauley, Brian Miller, Mirjam Müller, Anita Murray, Julie Nicola Oswald, Amy Scholik-Schlomer, Max Schuster, Ilse van Opzeeland, Vincent Janik
Frontiers in Marine Science 2019 vol. 6
Variations in age- and sex-specific survival rates help explain population trend in a discrete marine mammal population Monica Arso Civil, Barbara Cheney, Valentina Islas-Villanueva, Jefferson Alden Graves, Vincent Janik, Paul M Thompson, Philip Steven Hammond
Ecology and Evolution 2019 vol. 9 pp. 533-544
Clicks of dwarf sperm whales (Kogia sima) Karlina Merkens, David Mann, Vincent Janik, Marie Hill, Erin Oleson
Marine Mammal Science 2018 vol. 34 pp. 963-978
Marine mammals and sonar Catriona M Harris, Len Thomas, Erin Falcone, John Hildebrand, Dorian Houser, Petter Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter A. Lam, Patrick Miller, David J. Moretti, Andrew Read, Hans Slabbekoorn, Brandon L. Southall, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Douglas Wartzok, Vincent Janik
Journal of Applied Ecology 2018 vol. 55 pp. 396-404
Can fear conditioning repel California sea lions from fishing activities? Schakner Zachary, Thomas Goetz, Vincent Janik, Dan Blumstein
Animal Conservation 2017 vol. 20 pp. 425-432
Cetacean Communication Laela Sayigh, Vincent Janik
2017 pp. 66-91
What's in a voice? Dolphins do not use voice cues for individual recognition Laela Sayigh, Randall Wells, Vincent Janik
Animal Cognition 2017 vol. 20 pp. 1067-1079
Aerial low frequency hearing in captive and free-ranging harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) using auditory brainstem responses Klaus Lucke, Gordon Drummond Hastie, Kerstin Ternes, Bernie J McConnell, Simon Moss, Debbie JF Russell, Heike Weber, Vincent Janik
Journal of Comparative Physiology A: Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology 2016 vol. 202 pp. 859-868
Avoidance of wind farms by harbour seals is limited to pile driving activities Debbie JF Russell, Gordon Drummond Hastie, David Thompson, Vincent Janik, Philip Steven Hammond, Lindesay Alexandra Sarah Scott-Hayward, Jason Matthiopoulos, Esther Lane Jones, Bernie J McConnell
Journal of Applied Ecology 2016 vol. 53 pp. 1642-1652
Evidence suggests vocal production learning in a cross-fostered Risso’s dolphin (Grampus griseus) Livio Favaro, Stefano Furlati, Daniela Pessani, Vidal Martin, Vincent Janik
Animal Cognition 2016 vol. 19 pp. 847-853
Multiple-pulse sounds and seals: results of a harbour seal (Phoca vitulina) telemetry study during windfarm construction Gordon Drummond Hastie, Debbie JF Russell, Bernie J McConnell, David Thompson, Vincent Janik
Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 2016 vol. 875 pp. 425-430
The startle reflex in acoustic deterrence: an approach with universal applicability? Thomas Goetz, Vincent Janik
Animal Conservation 2016 vol. 19 pp. 225-226
Can a gray seal (Halichoerus grypus) generalize call classes? Mafalda de Freitas, Mick Wu, Vincent Janik
Journal of Comparative Psychology 2015 vol. 129 pp. 412-420

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