Reports

Grey seal pup (Ailsa Hall)

Grey seal pup (Ailsa Hall)

The Sea Mammal Reserach Unit is involved in many areas of marine mammal research and much of the work done is presented in the form of reports for funders. Links to these reports can be found below.

 

 

 

  Grey and harbour seal maps

As part of our on-going research into which areas of UK waters are used by native seals, the latest versions of grey and harbour seal sea usage maps are available for download, along with documentation explaining how the maps should be used.

Scottish Government

Annual and final reports funded by Scottish Government under the Marine Mammal Scientific Support Research Programme can be found here.  Other reports for Scottish Government funded work are given below.

Modelling Harbour Seal Movements (2017). McConnell, B., Smout, S. & Wu, M. Scottish Marine and Freshwater Science Vol 8 No 20.  pp. 33. DOI: 10.7489/1998-1

http://data.marine.gov.scot/dataset/modelling-harbour-seal-movements

 

Fine-scale harbour seal at-sea usage mapping around Orkney and the North coast of Scotland (2016). Jones, E., Smout, S., Blight, C., Sparling, C. & McConnell, B. Scottish Marine and Freshwater Science Vol 7 No 27. DOI: 10.7489/1876-1

http://data.marine.gov.scot/dataset/fine-scale-harbour-seal-sea-usage-mapping-around-orkney-and-north-coast-scotland

 

Investigations into the interactions between harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) and vessels in the inner Moray Firth (2016). Onoufriou, J., Jones, E.L., Hastie, G.D. & Thompson, D. Scottish Marine and Freshwater Science; vol. 74, no. 24.

http://data.marine.gov.scot/dataset/investigations-interactions-between-harbour-seals-phoca-vitulina-and-vessels-inner-moray

 

Improved estimates of digestion correction factors and passage rates for harbour seal (Phoca vitulina) prey (2016). Wilson, L.J., Grellier, K. & Hammond, P.S. Scottish Marine and Freshwater Science Vol 7 No 23, 42pp. DOI: 10.7489/1804-1

http://data.marine.gov.scot/dataset/improved-estimates-digestion-correction-factors-and-passage-rates-harbour-seal-phoca

 

Harbour seal diet composition and diversity (2016). Wilson, L.J. & Hammond, P.S. Scottish Marine and Freshwater Science Vol 7 No 21, 84pp. DOI: 10.7489/1801-1

http://data.marine.gov.scot/dataset/harbour-seal-diet-composition-and-diversity

 

Grey Seal Diet Composition and Prey Consumption (2016). Hammond, P.S. & Wilson, L.J. Scottish Marine and Freshwater Science Vol 7 No 20, 47pp.

http://data.marine.gov.scot/dataset/grey-seal-diet-composition-and-prey-consumption

 

Comparing the diet of Harbour and Grey seals in Scotland and eastern England (2016). Wilson, L.J. & Hammond, P.S. Scottish Marine and Freshwater Science Vol 7 No 19, 29pp. DOI: 10.7489/1798-1

http://data.marine.gov.scot/dataset/comparing-diet-harbour-and-grey-seals-scotland-and-eastern-england

 

Refining estimates of collision risk for harbour seals and tidal turbines (2016). Band, B., Sparling, C., Thompson, D., Onoufriou, J., San Martin, E. & West, N. Scottish Marine and Freshwater Science Vol 7 No 17, 123pp. DOI: 10.7489/1786-1

http://data.marine.gov.scot/dataset/refining-estimates-collision-risk-harbour-seals-and-tidal-turbines

 

Scottish Government Demonstration Strategy: Trialing methods for tracking the fine scale underwater movements of marine mammals in areas of marine renewable (2016). Sparling, C.E., Gillespie, D.M., Hastie, G.D., Gordon, J.C.D., MacAulay, J.D. J., Malinka, C.E., Wu, G-M. & McConnell, B.J. Scottish Marine and Freshwater Science Vol 7 Vol 14.

http://data.marine.gov.scot/dataset/scottish-government-demonstration-strategy-trialling-methods-tracking-fine-scale-underwater

 

Estimates of Collision Risk of Harbour Porpoises and Marine Renewable Energy Devices at Sites of High Tidal-Stream Energy (2014). Wilson, B., Benjamins, S., Elliott, J., Gordon, J., Macaulay, J., Calderan, S. & van Geel, N. Scottish Government, pp. 79. ISBN: 9781784128746

http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0046/00462378.pdf

 

Evaluating and Assessing the Relative Effectiveness of Acoustic Deterrent Devices and other Non-Lethal Measures on Marine Mammals (2014). Coram, A. J., Gordon, J. C. D., Thompson, D. & Northridge, S. Scottish Government, pp. 145.

http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0050/00504418.pdf

 

Studies of harbour seal behaviour in areas of high tidal energy: Part 1. Movements and diving behaviour of harbour seals in Kyle Rhea (2014). Thompson, D. Scottish Government, pp. 22.

http://www.smru.st-and.ac.uk/documents/1584.pdf

 

Long term Effectiveness of an Acoustic Deterrent for seals in the Kyle of Sutherland (2011). Harris, R.N. Scottish Government. pp. 10.

Long term Effectiveness of an Acoustic Deterrent for seals in the Kyle of Sutherland_2011

Entanglement of minke whales in Scottish waters; an investigation into occurrence, causes and mitigation (2010). Northridge, S., Cargill, A., Coram, A., Mandleberg, L., Calderan, S. & Reid, B. Scottish Government. pp. 57.

entaglement-of-minke-whales-in-scottish-waters-an-investigation-into-occurrence-causes-and-mitigation

Joint projects between MS and SNH

Seal diet at salmon net fisheries (2014). Harris, R.N., Sievers, C. & Northridge, S. Scottish Government and Scottish National Heritage. pp.10.

seal-diet-at-salmon-net-fisheries

 

Marine Mammal Research at Wild Salmon Fisheries; 2013 Annual Report (2014). Harris, R., Fowden, D., Froude, M. & Northridge, S. Scottish Government and Scottish National Heritage. pp.29.

marine-mammal-research-at-wild-salmon-fisheries-2013-annual-report

 

Marine Mammals and Salmon Bag-Nets (2012). Harris, R.N. Marine Scotland and Scottish National Heritage. pp.31.

marine-mammals-and-salmon-bag-nets

Crown Estates

Interactions between seals and offshore wind farms (2012).  McConnell, B., Lonergan, M. & Dietz, R. The Crown Estate, 41 pages. ISBN: 978-1-906410-34-6.

https://www.thecrownestate.co.uk/media/5613/interactions_between_seals_and_offshore_wind_farms.pdf

BEIS/DECC

Activity Budgets: Analysis of seal behaviour at sea. (2016). Russell, D.J.F. Report for the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (OESEA-15-66). pp.21

https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/586448/SMRU_2016_Activity_budgets-analysis_of_seal_behaviour_at_sea.pdf

 

Updated grey seal (Halichoerus grypus) usage maps in the North Sea (2016). Jones, E.L. & Russell, D.J.F. Report for the Department of Energy and Climate Change (OESEA-15-65). pp15.

https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/586446/SMRU_2016_Updated_grey_seal_usage_maps_in_the_North_Sea.pdf

 

Movements of grey seal that haul out on the UK coast of the southern North Sea. (2016). Russell, D.J.F. Report for the Department of Energy and Climate Change (OESEA- 14-47).

https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/589515/SMRU_2016_Movements_of_grey_seal_that_haul_out_on_the_southern_North_Sea_coast.pdf

 

The east coast of Scotland bottlenose dolphin population: improving understanding of ecology outside the Moray Firth SAC (2014). Quick, N.J., Arso Civil, M., Cheney, B., Islas Villanueva, V., Janik, V., Thompson, P. & Hammond, P.S. Department of Energy and Climate Change’s offshore energy Strategic Environmental Assessment programme. pp.187. URN: 14D/086

https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/346326/OESEA2_east_coast_of_Scotland_bottlenose_dolphin_population.pdf

 

Seal at-sea distribution, movements and behaviour (2014). Russell, D.J.F. & McConnell, B.J. Department of Energy and Climate Change’s offshore energy Strategic Environmental Assessment programme. pp.72. URN: 14D/085

https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/346304/OESEA2_SMRU_Seal_distribution_and_behaviour.pdf

 

DEFRA

Review of analytical approaches for identifying usage and foraging areas at sea for harbour seals. (2017). Jones, E.L., Smout, S., Russell, D.J.F., Pinn, E.H. & McConnell, B.J. DEFRA, pp.42.

http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/page-7367

 

Annual Report on the Implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No 812/2004 during 2016. (2017). Northridge, S.P., Kingston, A.R. & Thomas, L.J. DEFRA, pp.36.

http://randd.defra.gov.uk/Document.aspx?Document=14086_UK812Reportfor2016.pdf

 

Annual report on the implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No812/2004 during 2015. (2016). Northridge, S., Kingston, A. & Thomas, L. DEFRA, pp. 44.

http://randd.defra.gov.uk/Document.aspx?Document=14084_UK812Reportfor2015.pdf

 

Annual report on the implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No 812/2004 during 2014. (2015). Northridge, S., Kingston, A. & Thomas, L. DEFRA, pp. 41.

http://randd.defra.gov.uk/Document.aspx?Document=12530_UK812Report2015on2014Final.pdf

 

Annual report on the implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No 812/2004 during 2013. (2014). Northridge, S., Kingston, A. & Thomas, L. DEFRA, pp. 36.

http://www.ascobans.org/sites/default/files/document/NSG4_Inf_3.1.1.b_UK_812report2013.pdf

 

Report to the European Commission on the Implementation of Regulation 812/2004 by the United Kingdom for the Calendar Year 2012. (2013). Northridge, S., Kingston, A. R. & Thomas, L. DEFRA, pp. 28.

http://www.ascobans.org/sites/default/files/document/NSG4_Inf_3.1.1.a_UK_812report2012.pdf

 

The susceptibility of sensitive species through analysis of their distribution and the overlap with relevant fishing effort distribution: SMRU Contribution to the Define It – Final Report. (2012). Northridge, S.P., Coram, A.J. & Kingston, A.R. DEFRA, pp.60

http://www.ascobans.org/sites/default/files/document/Northridge_Contribution%20to%20the%20DefineIt%20Final%20Report_SMRU-2012_0.pdf

 

Report to the European Commission on the Implementation of Regulation 812/2004 by the United Kingdom for the Calendar Year 2010. (2011). Northridge, S.P., Kingston, A.R. & Thomas, L. DEFRA, pp. 21.

http://randd.defra.gov.uk/Document.aspx?Document=10004_wc0607.pdf

 

Bycatch of Vulnerable Species: Understanding the Process and Mitigating the Impacts.: Final report to Defra project MF1003. (2011). Northridge, S., Kingston, A.R., Mackay, A. & Lonergan, M. DEFRA, pp.99.

http://randd.defra.gov.uk/Document.aspx?Document=MF1003-FINALRevisedAugust2011.pdf

European Commission

Studies for carrying out the common fisheries policy: adverse fisheries impacts on cetacean populations in the Black Sea. Final report to the European Commission. (2015). Birkun, A., Northridge, S., Willsteed, E., James, F., Kilgour, C., Lander, M. & Fitzgerald, G. European Commission. http://ec.europa.eu/fisheries/documentation/studies/cetaceans-in-the-black-sea_en.pdf

JNCC

Review of analytical approaches for identifying usage and foraging areas at sea for harbour seals. (2017). Jones, E.L., Smout, S., Russell, D.J.F., Pinn, E.H. & McConnell, B.J. JNCC Report 602, ISSN 0963-8901.

http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/page-7367 or http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/pdf/Report_602_WEB.pdf

Moray Firth Regional Advisory Group

Strategic Regional Pre-construction Marine Mammal Monitoring Programme Annual Report 2016. (2016). Graham, I. M., Cheney, B., Hewitt, R., Cordes, L., Hastie, G. D., Russell, D. J. F., Arso Civil, M., Hammond, P. S. & Thompson, P. Annual report for the Moray Firth Regional Advisory Group, University of Aberdeen. pp. 58.

https://www.abdn.ac.uk/lighthouse/documents/MMMP_Annual_Report_2016.pdf

MSFD

Grey seal and harbour seal indicators for the Marine Strategy Framework Directive: Sea Mammal Research Unit Report to Scottish Government. (2015). Hanson, N.N. & Hall, A.J. Sea Mammal Research Unit. pp. 37.

Grey and Harbour Seal MSFD indicators_2015

NERC

NERC Knowledge Exchange: An Autonomous Device to Track Porpoise Movements in Tidal Rapids. (2015). Macaulay, J., Gordon, J., Gillespie, D., Malinka, C., Johnson, M. & Northridge, S. Sea Mammal Research Unit. pp. 32.

Full report –  Repnerc_mre_kep_tracking_harbour_porpoises_in_tidal_rapidsort.

Appendix 1 – nerc_mre_kep_tracking_harbour_porpoises_in_tidal_rapids_appendix_1 

Appendix 2 – nerc_mre_kep_tracking_harbour_porpoises_in_tidal_rapids_appendix_2.

 

Evaluation of a Drifting Porpoise Localising Array Buoy: A novel configuration for tracking porpoises in tidal rapids using passive acoustics. Internship Report for the NERC Marine Renewable Energy Knowledge Exchange Programme. (2015). Malinka, C.E., MacAulay, J.D.J., Gordon, J.C. D. & Northridge, S. NERC. pp. 24.

http://www.nerc.ac.uk/innovation/activities/infrastructure/offshore/cmalinka-report

 

Wave and Tidal Consenting Position Paper Series: Marine Mammal Impacts. (2013). Sparling, C.E., Coram, A.J., McConnell, B.J., Thompson, D., Hawkins, K.R. & Northridge, S. NERC. pp. 11.

http://www.nerc.ac.uk/innovation/activities/infrastructure/offshore/marine-mammal-impacts/

Special Committee On Seals (SCOS)

SCOS reports from 1990 onwards can be found here.

Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research / Partnership for Observation of the Global Oceans

International Quiet Ocean Experiment science plan. (2015). Tyack, P. L., Frisk, G., Boyd, I., Urban, E. & Seeyave, S. (eds). Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research / Partnership for Observation of the Global Oceans. pp. 111.

Scottish Aquaculture Research Forum

Plugging the Gaps – Improving Our Knowledge of How Predators Impact Salmon Farms. (2016). Coram, A. J., Mazilu, M. & Northridge, S. P. Scottish Aquaculture Research Forum. pp. 42.

http://www.sarf.org.uk/cms-assets/documents/245877-466609.sarf097.pdf

Scottish Natural Heritage

Surveys of harbour and grey seals on the south-east (border to Aberlady Bay) and south-west (Sound of Jura to Solway Firth) coasts of Scotland, in Shetland, in the Moray Firth and in the Firth of Tay in August 2015. (2016). Duck, C.D. & Morris, C.D. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report 929. pp. 43.

http://www.snh.org.uk/pdfs/publications/commissioned_reports/929.pdf

 

Data based estimates of collision risk: an example based on harbour seal tracking data around a proposed tidal turbine array in the Pentland Firth. (2016). Thompson, D., Onoufriou, J., Brownlow, A. & Morris, C. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report 900. pp. 41.

http://www.snh.org.uk/pdfs/publications/commissioned_reports/900.pdf

 

Harbour seal haul-out monitoring, Sound of Islay. (2015). Paterson, W., Russell, D.J.F, Wu, M., McConnell, B.J. & Thompson, D. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No. 894. pp. 53.

http://www.snh.org.uk/pdfs/publications/commissioned_reports/894.pdf

 

Surveys of harbour and grey seals on the west coast of Scotland (Ullapool to Scarba), in the Moray Firth and in the Firth of Tay, in August 2014. (2015). Duck, C.D. & Morris, C.D. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No. 869. pp. 36.

http://www.snh.org.uk/pdfs/publications/commissioned_reports/869.pdf

 

Surveys of harbour (common) and grey seals in Orkney, the north coast of Scotland, the Moray Firth and the Firth of Tay in August 2012. (2013). Duck, J. & Morris, C. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No. 572. pp. 36.

http://www.snh.org.uk/pdfs/publications/commissioned_reports/572.pdf

 

Surveys of harbour and grey seals on the east, north and north-west coast of Scotland and in Orkney, including the Moray Firth and the Firth of Tay, in August 2013. (2014). Duck, C.D. & Morris, C.D. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No. 759. pp.40.

http://www.snh.org.uk/pdfs/publications/commissioned_reports/759.pdf

 

Surveys of harbour (common) and grey seals in the Outer Hebrides and the Moray Firth in August 2011. (2012). Duck, C., & Morris, C. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No. 518. pp. 31.

http://www.snh.org.uk/pdfs/publications/commissioned_reports/518.pdf

 

Establishing the sensitivity of cetaceans and seals to acoustic deterrent devices in Scotland. (2014). Lepper, P., Gordon, J.C.D., Booth, C.G., Theobald, P., Robinson, S., Northridge, S. & Wang, L. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No. 517. pp. 121.

http://www.snh.org.uk/pdfs/publications/commissioned_reports/517.pdf

 

Surveys of harbour (common) seals in Orkney in August 2010. (2011). Duck, C. & Morris, C. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No.439. pp. 28.

http://www.snh.org.uk/pdfs/publications/commissioned_reports/439.pdf

SMRU Consulting

Report on the distribution and abundance of harbour seals (Phoca) during the 2015 and 2016 breeding seasons in The Wash. (2016).D. Thompson, J. Onoufriou & W. Patterson. REPORT NUMBER: SMRUC-DOW-2016-016, DECEMBER 2016 (UNPUBLISHED). pp. 43.

Report on the distribution and abundance of harbour seals during the 2015 and 2016 breeding seasons in The Wash_2016

U.S. Dept Commerce National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration National Marine Fisheries Service

Marine Mammal Non-Lethal Deterrents: Summary of the Technical Expert Workshop on Marine Mammal Non-Lethal Deterrents 10-12 February 2015, Seattle, Washington. (2015). Long, K., DeAngelis, M., Engleby, L., Fauquier, D., Johnson, A., Northridge, S. P. & Kraus, S. United States Department of Commerce National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Marine Fisheries Service. 44 p. (NOAA Tech. Memo) http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/publications/techmemo/opr50.pdf

 

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