Profile

Dr Gordon Hastie

Dr Gordon Hastie
Senior Research Fellow


My research interests focus on how marine mammals’ utilise the dynamic nature of their environment and how they adjust their behaviour in response to changes in their environments. This includes natural environmental changes and responses to man-made perturbations. As we see the increasing urbanisation of marine environments, I am particularly interested in how marine mammals perceive and respond to novel man-made sources in the ocean.

source: symbiosis

Research Overview:

Risk balancing by marine predators

Animals that live under threat of predation have evolved behavioural strategies enabling them to perform essential tasks such as forage whilst minimising risks.  This balancing of risk involves a range of behavioural adjustments in response to changes in prey availability and perceived threat levels.  I am interested in understanding the cognitive, behavioural, and energetic facets associated with risk balancing and decision making in foraging marine predators.

Use of dynamic habitats by marine predators

In marine systems, tidal and meteorological processes, together with geographical features such as narrow coastal channels effectively create habitats that are in constant flux due to water movements. My research looks to understand the unique challenges and opportunities this creates for marine predators using them.

Impacts of marine renewable energy technologies

Many countries have set ambitious targets for renewable energy, with energy from offshore sources anticipated to form an important part of this; this has led to the proposed installation of wind, wave, and tidal energy converters around the coast. However, these potentially hazardous to marine mammals and understanding how they perceive and respond to renewable devices is critical to ensure that they can co-exist at the scales currently being envisaged for the industry. My research includes studies of the impacts of wind farm construction on harbour seals and behavioural responses of seals to tidal stream energy devices.

 

PhD students

  • Katherine Whyte, University of St Andrews. "Behavioural responses by seals to offshore energy activities". Co-supervised with Debbie Russell (SMRU), Len Thomas (CREEM), and Carol Sparling (SMRU Consulting). 
  • Joe Onoufriou, University of St Andrews. "Effects of tidal turbines on the movements of marine predators in tidally energetic areas". Co-supervised with Dave Thompson (SMRU), Liz Masden (UHI), Jared Wilson (Marine Scotland), and John Baxter (SNH). 
  • Gemma Veneruso, Bangor University. "Investigating disturbance of small cetaceans from offshore anthropogenic developments". Co-supervised with Line Cordes and Lewis LeVay (University of Bangor). 
  • Lea Brandes, University of Aberdeen. "Foraging ecology of harbour seals in relation to offshore windfarm developments". Co-supervised with Paul Thompson and Isla Graham (University of Aberdeen).

Alumni

Nienke Van Geel, Scottish Association for Marine Science. "Predator movements in complex geography: Spatial distribution and temporal occurrence of low-density bottlenose dolphin communities off western Scotland". Co-supervised with Ben Wilson (SAMS).

 

20 (of 47 published available) for gdh10 (source: University of St Andrews PURE)
Please click title of any item for full details

Effects of impulsive noise on marine mammals Gordon Drummond Hastie, Nathan Merchant, Thomas Goetz, Debbie JF Russell, Paul Thompson, Vincent Janik
Ecological Applications vol.In press
Empirical determination of severe trauma in seals from collisions with tidal turbine blades Joe Onoufriou, Andrew Brownlow, Simon Moss, Gordon Drummond Hastie, Dave Thompson
Journal of Applied Ecology vol.In press
Three-dimensional movements of harbour seals in a tidally energetic channel Gordon Drummond Hastie, Matthew Bivins, Alexander James Coram, Jonathan Charles David Gordon, Pauline Jepp, Jamie Donald John MacAulay, Carol Elizabeth Sparling, Douglas Michael Gillespie
Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems vol.Early View
Harbour seals avoid tidal turbine noise Gordon Drummond Hastie, Debbie JF Russell, Paul Lepper, Jim Elliott, Ben Wilson, Steven Benjamins, David Thompson
Journal of Applied Ecology 2018 vol.55 pp.684-693
Harbour porpoise distribution can vary at small spatiotemporal scales in energetic habitats Steven Benjamins, Nienke van Geel, Gordon Drummond Hastie, Jim Elliott, Ben Wilson
Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography 2017 vol.141 pp.191-202
Mitigation of harm during a novel behavioural response study involving active sonar and wild cetaceans Brandon Southall, Gordon Drummond Hastie, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Ian Boyd
Journal of Cetacean Research and Management 2017 vol.16 pp.29-38
Physiological constraints and energetic costs of diving behaviour in marine mammals David Rosen, Allyson Hindle, Andreas Fahlman, Carling Gerlinsky, Elizabeth Goundie, Gordon Drummond Hastie, Beth Volpov, Andrew Trites
Journal of Comparative Physiology B: Biochemical, Systems, and Environmental Physiology 2017 vol.187 pp.29-50
Responses of bottlenose dolphins and harbor porpoises to impact and vibration piling noise during harbor construction Isla Graham, Enrico Pirotta, Nathan Merchant, Adrian Farcas, Tim Barton, Barbara Cheney, Gordon Drummond Hastie, Paul Thompson
Ecosphere 2017 vol.8
Seals and shipping Esther Lane Jones, Gordon Drummond Hastie, Sophie Caroline Smout, Joseph Onoufriou, Nathan Merchant, Kate Brookes, David Thompson
Journal of Applied Ecology 2017 vol.54 pp.1930-1940
Aerial low frequency hearing in captive and free-ranging harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) using auditory brainstem responses Klaus Lucke, Gordon Drummond Hastie, Kerstin Ternes, Bernie J McConnell, Simon Moss, Debbie JF Russell, Heike Weber, Vincent Janik
Journal of Comparative Physiology A: Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology 2016 vol.202 pp.859-868
Avoidance of wind farms by harbour seals is limited to pile driving activities Debbie JF Russell, Gordon Drummond Hastie, David Thompson, Vincent Janik, Philip Steven Hammond, Lindesay Alexandra Sarah Scott-Hayward, Jason Matthiopoulos, Esther Lane Jones, Bernie J McConnell
Journal of Applied Ecology 2016 vol.53 pp.1642-1652
Dynamic habitat corridors for marine predators Gordon Drummond Hastie, Debbie JF Russell, Steven Benjamins, Simon Moss, Ben Wilson, David Thompson
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 2016 vol.70 pp.2161–2174
Investigations into the interactions between harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) and vessels in the inner Moray Firth Joseph Onoufriou, Esther Lane Jones, Gordon Drummond Hastie, David Thompson
2016
Marine Renewable Energy MRE1 Annual Report Bernie J McConnell, Sophie Caroline Smout, Mick Wu, David Thompson, Phil Irving, Gordon Drummond Hastie
2016
Multiple-pulse sounds and seals: results of a harbour seal (Phoca vitulina) telemetry study during windfarm construction Gordon Drummond Hastie, Debbie JF Russell, Bernie J McConnell, David Thompson, Vincent Janik
Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 2016 vol.875 pp.425-430
Scottish Government Demonstration Strategy Carol Elizabeth Sparling, Douglas Michael Gillespie, Gordon Drummond Hastie, Jonathan Charles David Gordon, Jamie Donald John MacAulay, Chloe Elizabeth Malinka, Mick Wu, Bernie J McConnell
2016 vol.7
Strategic Regional Pre-construction Marine Mammal Monitoring Programme Annual Report 2016 Isla Graham, Barbara Cheney, Rebecca Hewitt, Line Cordes, Gordon Drummond Hastie, Debbie JF Russell, Monica Arso Civil, Philip Steven Hammond, Paul Thompson
2016
Confusion reigns? A review of marine megafauna interactions with tidal-stream environments Steven Benjamins, Andrew Dale, Gordon Drummond Hastie, James Waggitt, Mary-Anne Lea, Beth Scott, Ben Wilson
2015 pp.1-54
Sound exposure in harbour seals during the installation of an offshore wind farm Gordon Drummond Hastie, Debbie JF Russell, Bernie J McConnell, Simon Moss, David Thompson, Vincent Janik
Journal of Applied Ecology 2015 vol.52 pp.631-640
Behavioral responses by grey seals (Halichoerus grypus) to high frequency sonar Gordon Drummond Hastie, Carl Robert Donovan, Thomas Goetz, Vincent Janik
Marine Pollution Bulletin 2014 vol.79 pp.205-210

Contact Details:

Dr Gordon Hastie
Scottish Oceans Institute
East Sands
University of St Andrews
St Andrews
KY16 8LB
Fife
UK

tel: 01334 462637
fax:
room: 2.06
email: gdh10@st-andrews.ac.uk

Related:

research@st-andrews

Sea Mammal Research Unit
School of Biology
Scottish Oceans Institute
Marine Alliance for Science and Technology Scotland

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