Profile

Dr Simon Halliwell

Dr Simon Halliwell
Production Controller


source: symbiosis

Research Overview:

Risk balancing by marine predators

Animals that live under threat of predation have evolved behavioural strategies enabling them to perform essential tasks such as forage whilst minimising risks.  This balancing of risk involves a range of behavioural adjustments in response to changes in prey availability and perceived threat levels.  I am interested in understanding the cognitive, behavioural, and energetic facets associated with risk balancing and decision making in foraging marine predators.

Use of dynamic habitats by marine predators

In marine systems, tidal and meteorological processes, together with geographical features such as narrow coastal channels effectively create habitats that are in constant flux due to water movements. My research looks to understand the unique challenges and opportunities this creates for marine predators using them.

Impacts of marine renewable energy technologies

Many countries have set ambitious targets for renewable energy, with energy from offshore sources anticipated to form an important part of this; this has led to the proposed installation of wind, wave, and tidal energy converters around the coast. However, these potentially hazardous to marine mammals and understanding how they perceive and respond to renewable devices is critical to ensure that they can co-exist at the scales currently being envisaged for the industry. My research includes studies of the impacts of wind farm construction on harbour seals and behavioural responses of seals to tidal stream energy devices.

 

PhD students

  • Katherine Whyte, University of St Andrews. "Behavioural responses by seals to offshore energy activities". Co-supervised with Debbie Russell (SMRU), Len Thomas (CREEM), and Carol Sparling (SMRU Consulting). 
  • Joe Onoufriou, University of St Andrews. "Effects of tidal turbines on the movements of marine predators in tidally energetic areas". Co-supervised with Dave Thompson (SMRU), Liz Masden (UHI), Jared Wilson (Marine Scotland), and John Baxter (SNH). 
  • Gemma Veneruso, Bangor University. "Investigating disturbance of small cetaceans from offshore anthropogenic developments". Co-supervised with Line Cordes and Lewis LeVay (University of Bangor). 
  • Lea Brandes, University of Aberdeen. "Foraging ecology of harbour seals in relation to offshore windfarm developments". Co-supervised with Paul Thompson and Isla Graham (University of Aberdeen).

Alumni

Nienke Van Geel, Scottish Association for Marine Science. "Predator movements in complex geography: Spatial distribution and temporal occurrence of low-density bottlenose dolphin communities off western Scotland". Co-supervised with Ben Wilson (SAMS).

 

Recent publications


12  (of 12 published available) for snh with keyword Acoustic clear keyword filter. (source: University of St Andrews PURE)
Please click title of any item for full details.

2018 (3)
Journal of Applied Ecology
vol.55 pp.684-693
(Article)
Harbour seals avoid tidal turbine noise
Gordon Drummond Hastie, Debbie JF Russell, Paul Lepper, Jim Elliott, Ben Wilson, Steven Benjamins, David Thompson 
Keywords: Collision risk, Marine mammals, Avoidance, Renewable energy, Pinnipeds, Marine spatial planning, Underwater noise, Tidal turbines, Behavioural responsesNERC
2017 (7)
Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography
vol.141 pp.191-202
(Article)
2017 (27/10)
Journal of Cetacean Research and Management
vol.16 pp.29-38
(Article)
2017 (5)
Ecosphere
vol.8 
(Article)
2017 (12)
Journal of Applied Ecology
vol.54 pp.1930-1940
(Article)
Seals and shipping
Esther Lane Jones, Gordon Drummond Hastie, Sophie Caroline Smout, Joseph Onoufriou, Nathan Merchant, Kate Brookes, David Thompson 
Keywords: Halichoerus grypus, Phoca vitulina, Spatial overlap, AIS, Telemetry, Acoustic propagation, Marine stressor, MSFD, Noise pollution, UncertaintyNERC
2016 (12)
Journal of Comparative Physiology A: Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology
vol.202 pp.859-868
(Article)
Aerial low frequency hearing in captive and free-ranging harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) using auditory brainstem responses
Klaus Lucke, Gordon Drummond Hastie, Kerstin Ternes, Bernie J McConnell, Simon Moss, Debbie JF Russell, Heike Weber, Vincent Janik 
Keywords: Harbour seal , Phoca vitulina, Hearing, ABR, Low-frequencyNERC
2016 (2)
vol.7 
(Commissioned report)
Scottish Government Demonstration Strategy
Carol Elizabeth Sparling, Douglas Michael Gillespie, Gordon Drummond Hastie, Jonathan Charles David Gordon, Jamie Donald John MacAulay, Chloe Elizabeth Malinka, Mick Wu, Bernie J McConnell 
Keywords: marine renewables, passive acoustic monitoring, active acoustic monitoring, tidal energy, Marine mammalScottish Government, NERC
2015 (6)
Journal of Applied Ecology
vol.52 pp.631-640
(Article)
Sound exposure in harbour seals during the installation of an offshore wind farm
Gordon Drummond Hastie, Debbie JF Russell, Bernie J McConnell, Simon Moss, David Thompson, Vincent Janik 
Keywords: Wind farms, Hearing, Marine animals, Pile driving, Pinnipeds, Renewable energy, Underwater noiseNERC
2014 (15/2)
Marine Pollution Bulletin
vol.79 pp.205-210
(Article)
Behavioral responses by grey seals (Halichoerus grypus) to high frequency sonar
Gordon Drummond Hastie, Carl Robert Donovan, Thomas Goetz, Vincent Janik 
Keywords: Pinnipeds, Acoustic, Behavior, Hearing, AvoidanceNERC
2012 (3/8)
PLoS One
vol.7 
(Article)
Vessel noise affects beaked whale behavior
Enrico Pirotta, Rachel Milor, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Ian Boyd, Gordon Drummond Hastie 
2011 (19/8)
Ecosphere
vol.2 pp.1-13
(Article)

Contact Details:

Dr Simon Halliwell
Scottish Oceans Institute
East Sands
University of St Andrews
St Andrews
KY16 8LB
Fife
UK

tel: 01334 462659
fax: 01334 463443
room:
email: snh@st-andrews.ac.uk

Related:

research@st-andrews

Sea Mammal Research Unit
School of Biology
SMRU Instrumentation
Scottish Oceans Institute

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