Profile

Dr Simon Halliwell

Dr Simon Halliwell
Production Controller


source: symbiosis

Research Overview:

Risk balancing by marine predators

Animals that live under threat of predation have evolved behavioural strategies enabling them to perform essential tasks such as forage whilst minimising risks.  This balancing of risk involves a range of behavioural adjustments in response to changes in prey availability and perceived threat levels.  I am interested in understanding the cognitive, behavioural, and energetic facets associated with risk balancing and decision making in foraging marine predators.

Use of dynamic habitats by marine predators

In marine systems, tidal and meteorological processes, together with geographical features such as narrow coastal channels effectively create habitats that are in constant flux due to water movements. My research looks to understand the unique challenges and opportunities this creates for marine predators using them.

Impacts of marine renewable energy technologies

Many countries have set ambitious targets for renewable energy, with energy from offshore sources anticipated to form an important part of this; this has led to the proposed installation of wind, wave, and tidal energy converters around the coast. However, these potentially hazardous to marine mammals and understanding how they perceive and respond to renewable devices is critical to ensure that they can co-exist at the scales currently being envisaged for the industry. My research includes studies of the impacts of wind farm construction on harbour seals and behavioural responses of seals to tidal stream energy devices.

 

PhD students

  • Katherine Whyte, University of St Andrews. "Behavioural responses by seals to offshore energy activities". Co-supervised with Debbie Russell (SMRU), Len Thomas (CREEM), and Carol Sparling (SMRU Consulting). 
  • Joe Onoufriou, University of St Andrews. "Effects of tidal turbines on the movements of marine predators in tidally energetic areas". Co-supervised with Dave Thompson (SMRU), Liz Masden (UHI), Jared Wilson (Marine Scotland), and John Baxter (SNH). 
  • Gemma Veneruso, Bangor University. "Investigating disturbance of small cetaceans from offshore anthropogenic developments". Co-supervised with Line Cordes and Lewis LeVay (University of Bangor). 
  • Lea Brandes, University of Aberdeen. "Foraging ecology of harbour seals in relation to offshore windfarm developments". Co-supervised with Paul Thompson and Isla Graham (University of Aberdeen).

Alumni

Nienke Van Geel, Scottish Association for Marine Science. "Predator movements in complex geography: Spatial distribution and temporal occurrence of low-density bottlenose dolphin communities off western Scotland". Co-supervised with Ben Wilson (SAMS).

 

Recent publications


20  (of 44 published available) for snh. (source: University of St Andrews PURE)
Please click title of any item for full details.

2018 (3)
Journal of Applied Ecology
vol.55 pp.684-693
(Article)
2017 (7)
Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography
vol.141 pp.191-202
(Article)
2017 (1)
Journal of Comparative Physiology B: Biochemical, Systems, and Environmental Physiology
vol.187 pp.29-50
(Article)
Physiological constraints and energetic costs of diving behaviour in marine mammals
David Rosen, Allyson Hindle, Andreas Fahlman, Carling Gerlinsky, Elizabeth Goundie, Gordon Drummond Hastie, Beth Volpov, Andrew Trites 
Keywords: Diving physiology, Stellar sea lions, Metabolism, ForagingQH301 BiologyT-NDAS
2017 (12)
Journal of Applied Ecology
vol.54 pp.1930-1940
(Article)
Seals and shipping
Esther Lane Jones, Gordon Drummond Hastie, Sophie Caroline Smout, Joseph Onoufriou, Nathan Merchant, Kate Brookes, David Thompson 
Keywords: Halichoerus grypus, Phoca vitulina, Spatial overlap, AIS, Telemetry, Acoustic propagation, Marine stressor, MSFD, Noise pollution, UncertaintyQH301 Biology, QL ZoologyDAS
2016 (12)
Journal of Comparative Physiology A: Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology
vol.202 pp.859-868
(Article)
Aerial low frequency hearing in captive and free-ranging harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) using auditory brainstem responses
Klaus Lucke, Gordon Drummond Hastie, Kerstin Ternes, Bernie J McConnell, Simon Moss, Debbie JF Russell, Heike Weber, Vincent Janik 
Keywords: Harbour seal , Phoca vitulina, Hearing, ABR, Low-frequencyGC Oceanography, QH301 Biology, T Technology
2016 (12)
Journal of Applied Ecology
vol.53 pp.1642-1652
(Article)
Avoidance of wind farms by harbour seals is limited to pile driving activities
Debbie JF Russell, Gordon Drummond Hastie, David Thompson, Vincent Janik, Philip Steven Hammond, Lindesay Alexandra Sarah Scott-Hayward, Jason Matthiopoulos, Esther Lane Jones, Bernie J McConnell 
Keywords: Complex Region Spatial Smoother, Disturbance, Marine renewables, Marine spatial planning, Pinnipeds, Renewable energy, Spatially Adaptive Local Smoothing Algorithm, Spatially adaptive smoothing , Underwater noiseQH301 Biology
2016 (12)
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
vol.70 pp.2161–2174
(Article)
Dynamic habitat corridors for marine predators
Gordon Drummond Hastie, Debbie JF Russell, Steven Benjamins, Simon Moss, Ben Wilson, David Thompson 
Keywords: Foraging, Marine mammal, Oceanographic, Predator, Pinniped, DivingGC Oceanography, QH301 Biology, QL Zoology
2016

(Commissioned report)
Investigations into the interactions between harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) and vessels in the inner Moray Firth
Joseph Onoufriou, Esther Lane Jones, Gordon Drummond Hastie, David Thompson 
Keywords: Scottish Government
2016 (29/7)

(Commissioned report)
Marine Renewable Energy MRE1 Annual Report
Bernie J McConnell, Sophie Caroline Smout, Mick Wu, David Thompson, Phil Irving, Gordon Drummond Hastie 
Keywords: Scottish Government
2016 (1/1)
Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
vol.875 pp.425-430
(Article)
Multiple-pulse sounds and seals: results of a harbour seal (Phoca vitulina) telemetry study during windfarm construction
Gordon Drummond Hastie, Debbie JF Russell, Bernie J McConnell, David Thompson, Vincent Janik 
2016 (2)
vol.7 
(Commissioned report)
Scottish Government Demonstration Strategy
Carol Elizabeth Sparling, Douglas Michael Gillespie, Gordon Drummond Hastie, Jonathan Charles David Gordon, Jamie Donald John MacAulay, Chloe Elizabeth Malinka, Mick Wu, Bernie J McConnell 
Keywords: marine renewables, passive acoustic monitoring, active acoustic monitoring, tidal energy, Marine mammalScottish Government
2016

(Commissioned report)
Strategic Regional Pre-construction Marine Mammal Monitoring Programme Annual Report 2016
Isla Graham, Barbara Cheney, Rebecca Hewitt, Line Cordes, Gordon Drummond Hastie, Debbie JF Russell, Monica Arso Civil, Philip Steven Hammond, Paul Thompson 
2015 (8)
pp.1-54
(Chapter)
Confusion reigns? A review of marine megafauna interactions with tidal-stream environments
Steven Benjamins, Andrew Dale, Gordon Drummond Hastie, James Waggitt, Mary-Anne Lea, Beth Scott, Ben Wilson 
2015 (6)
Journal of Applied Ecology
vol.52 pp.631-640
(Article)
Sound exposure in harbour seals during the installation of an offshore wind farm
Gordon Drummond Hastie, Debbie JF Russell, Bernie J McConnell, Simon Moss, David Thompson, Vincent Janik 
Keywords: Wind farms, Hearing, Marine animals, Pile driving, Pinnipeds, Renewable energy, Underwater noiseQH301 Biology
2014 (15/2)
Marine Pollution Bulletin
vol.79 pp.205-210
(Article)
2014 (21/7)
Current Biology
vol.24 pp.R638-R639
(Article)
Marine mammals trace anthropogenic structures at sea
Debbie JF Russell, Sophie Brasseur, David Thompson, Gordon Drummond Hastie, Vincent Janik, Geert Aarts, Brett Thomas McClintock, Jason Matthiopoulos, Simon Moss, Bernie J McConnell 
Keywords: QH301 Biology, QL Zoology
2014

(Chapter (peer-reviewed))
Tracking technologies for quantifying marine mammal interactions with tidal turbines: pitfalls and possibilities
Gordon Drummond Hastie, Douglas Michael Gillespie, Jonathan Charles David Gordon, Jamie Donald John MacAulay, Bernie J McConnell, Carol Elizabeth Sparling 

Contact Details:

Dr Simon Halliwell
Scottish Oceans Institute
East Sands
University of St Andrews
St Andrews
KY16 8LB
Fife
UK

tel: 01334 462659
fax: 01334 463443
room:
email: snh@st-andrews.ac.uk

Related:

research@st-andrews

Sea Mammal Research Unit
School of Biology
SMRU Instrumentation

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