Dr Simon Halliwell:
Dr Simon Halliwell
Scottish Oceans Institute
University of St Andrews
tel: 01334 462659
fax: 01334 463443
Sea Mammal Research Unit
School of Biology
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My research interests focus on how marine mammals’ utilise the dynamic nature of their environment and how they adjust their behaviour in response to changes in their environments. This includes natural environmental changes and responses to man-made perturbations. As we see the increasing urbanisation of marine environments, I am particularly interested in how marine mammals perceive and respond to novel man-made sources in the ocean.
Impacts of marine renewable energy technologies
Many countries have set ambitious targets for renewable energy, with energy from offshore sources anticipated to form an important part of this; this has led to the proposed installation of wind, wave, and tidal energy converters around the coast. However, these potentially hazardous to marine mammals and understanding how they perceive and respond to renewable devices is critical to ensure that they can co-exist at the scales currently being envisaged for the industry. My research includes studies of the impacts of wind farm construction on harbour seals and behavioural responses of seals to tidal stream energy devices.
Effects of underwater noise on foraging efficiency
There is increasing evidence that man-made noise can compromise decision-making during foraging which may lead to reductions in foraging efficiency and ultimately individual fitness of a range of species. I am interested in understanding how the foraging efficiency of air breathing marine predators, which have relatively rigid physiological constraints, can be affected by underwater noise.
Use of dynamic habitats by marine predators
In marine systems, tidal and meteorological processes, together with geographical features such as narrow coastal channels effectively create habitats that are in constant flux due to water movements. My research looks to understand the unique challenges and opportunities this creates for marine predators using them.
- Katherine Whyte, University of St Andrews. "Behavioural responses by seals to offshore energy activities". Co-supervised with Debbie Russell (SMRU), Len Thomas (CREEM), and Carol Sparling (SMRU Consulting).
- Joe Onoufriou, University of St Andrews. "Effects of tidal turbines on the movements of marine predators in tidally energetic areas". Co-supervised with Dave Thompson (SMRU), Liz Masden (UHI), Jared Wilson (Marine Scotland), and John Baxter (SNH).
- Gemma Veneruso, Bangor University. "Investigating disturbance of small cetaceans from offshore anthropogenic developments". Co-supervised with Line Cordes and Lewis LeVay (University of Bangor).
- Lea Brandes, University of Aberdeen. "Foraging ecology of harbour seals in relation to offshore windfarm developments". Co-supervised with Paul Thompson and Isla Graham (University of Aberdeen).
Nienke Van Geel, Scottish Association for Marine Science. "Predator movements in complex geography: Spatial distribution and temporal occurrence of low-density bottlenose dolphin communities off western Scotland". Co-supervised with Ben Wilson (SAMS).
5 (of 44 published available) for snh. (source: University of St Andrews PURE)
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Journal of Applied Ecology
Gordon Drummond Hastie, Debbie JF Russell, Paul Lepper, Jim Elliott, Ben Wilson, Steven Benjamins, David Thompson
Keywords: Collision risk, Marine mammals, Avoidance, Renewable energy, Pinnipeds, Marine spatial planning, Underwater noise, Tidal turbines, Behavioural responsesGC Oceanography, QH301 Biology, TC Hydraulic engineering. Ocean engineeringDAS
Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography
Steven Benjamins, Nienke van Geel, Gordon Drummond Hastie, Jim Elliott, Ben Wilson
Keywords: Monitoring, Arrays - Marine mammals, Tidal currents, Water waves - Marine renewable energy development (MRED) - Passive acousticsQH301 Biology, GC OceanographyNDAS
Journal of Cetacean Research and Management
Brandon Southall, Gordon Drummond Hastie, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Ian Boyd
Keywords: Acoustics, Conservation, Behavior, Management procedure, Short-term change, Beaked whales, Delphinids, Northern HemisphereGC Oceanography, GF Human ecology. Anthropogeography, QH301 BiologyNDAS
Journal of Comparative Physiology B: Biochemical, Systems, and Environmental Physiology
David Rosen, Allyson Hindle, Andreas Fahlman, Carling Gerlinsky, Elizabeth Goundie, Gordon Drummond Hastie, Beth Volpov, Andrew Trites
Keywords: Diving physiology, Stellar sea lions, Metabolism, ForagingQH301 BiologyT-NDAS
Isla Graham, Enrico Pirotta, Nathan Merchant, Adrian Farcas, Tim Barton, Barbara Cheney, Gordon Drummond Hastie, Paul Thompson
Keywords: Acoustic disturbance, Anthropogenic noise, Behavioral response, Coastal development, Environmental risk assessment, Marine mammal conservation, Marine protected areaQH301 Biology, GE Environmental Sciences, GC Oceanography, SH Aquaculture. Fisheries. AnglingDAS