Profile

Prof Patrick Miller

Prof Patrick Miller
Professor


My research focuses on social communication and behavioral ecology of marine mammals. I record and describe the behaviour patterns of marine mammals in order to elucidate their function, often using novel research tools. I seek to unravel how the marine environment and anthropogenic stressors such as sonar might influence foraging, social interactions, swimming behaviour, and body condition.

Current Projects

Novel methods to study body condition of cetaceans at sea

Body condition influences how animals trade-off foraging and anti-predator behaviors, and modulates responses to human disturbance. However, current methods for estimating lipid store body condition in cetaceans are descriptive or do not measure full-body fat stores. In this study, we are working to validate, establish and utilize a novel, non-invasive method to measure total body lipid-stores of free-ranging cetaceans by analysis of their underwater swimming pattern. The results of this study will establish and validate an innovative technique to measure body condition in cetaceans, and examine the interplay of body condition with foraging and anti-predator behaviors and reproductive status of females.

Killer whales in the North Atlantic

Killer whales are generalist predators as a species, but each population seems to be remarkably specialized on certain prey types. This project seeks to describe natural behaviour of killer whales in the North Atlantic, focusing upon interatctions between foraging behaviour, social interactions and acoustic communication of herring-feeding killer whales. Work in this area also seeks to explore interactions of killer whales with other speces, and how killer whales respond to underwater noise.

Effects of noise on cetaceans and other animals

The underwater environment is subject to the input of noise from human activities, but there are wide gaps in our understanding about how noise might affect marine mammals. My work within the international collaboration known as '3S' has focused on describing how several species of cetaceans respond to experimental presentation of sonar and various control sounds including killer whale sounds. To aid in management of this important problem, a key component of this work is to determine the levels of noise at which responses start I am using animal models ranging from the fruit fly D montana to long-finned pilot whale to explore how noise influences communication systems and how signallers might respond to noise within ecological and evolutionary time scales.

source: symbiosis

Research Overview:

My research focuses on communication and behavioural ecology of marine mammals. I record and describe the behaviour patterns of marine mammals in order to elucidate their function, and how life in the sea affects behaviour and physiology.  This research often makes use of novel research tools such as hydrophone arrays to identify which whale within a group is calling, and animal-attached tags.   Marine mammals live in a world increasingly affected by anthropogenic activity, and I have conducted several studies of how underwater noise affects behaviour of cetaceans, and the potential that disturbance might lead to lasting harm.

 

20 (of 102 published available) for pm29 (source: University of St Andrews PURE)
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Future directions in research on beaked whales Sascha Kate Hooker, Natacha Aguilar de Soto, Robin W. Baird, Emma Louise Carroll, Laura Feyrer, Patrick Miller, Aubrie Onoufriou, Greg Schorr, Hal Whitehead
Frontiers in Marine Science 2019 vol.5
Northern bottlenose whales in a pristine environment respond strongly to close and distant navy sonar signals Paul Wensveen, Saana Isojunno, Rune R. Hansen, Alexander M. Von Benda-beckmann, Lars Kleivane, Sander Van Ijsselmuide, Frans-peter A. Lam, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Stacy L. Deruiter, Charlotte Curé, Tomoko Narazaki, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Patrick Miller
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 2019 vol.286
Predicting acoustic dose associated with marine mammal behavioural responses to sound as detected with fixed acoustic recorders and satellite tags A.M. von Benda-Beckmann, Paul Wensveen, M. Prior, M.A. Ainslie, R. R. Hansen, Saana Isojunno, F.P.A. Lam, P.H. Kvadsheim, Patrick Miller
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 2019 vol.145 pp.1401-1416
Body density of humpback whales (Megaptera novaengliae) in feeding aggregations estimated from hydrodynamic gliding performance Tomoko Narazaki, Saana Isojunno, Douglas P. Nowacek, Ari S. Friedlaender, Christian Ramp, Sophie Caroline Smout, Kagari Aoki, Volker Bernt Deecke, Katsufumi Sato, Patrick Miller
PLoS ONE 2018 vol.13
Breathing patterns indicate cost of exercise during diving and response to experimental sound exposures in long-finned pilot whales Saana Isojunno, Kagari Aoki, Charlotte Curé, Peter Kvadsheim, Patrick Miller
Frontiers in Physiology 2018 vol.9
Crowd intelligence can discern between repertoires of killer whale ecotypes Anastasya Yu. Danishevskaya, Olga Alexandrovna Filatova, Filipa Isabel Pereira Samarra, Patrick Miller, John K B Ford, Harald Yurk, Craig O. Matkin, Erich Hoyt
Bioacoustics vol.Latest Articles
Killer whales (Orcinus orca) in Iceland show weak genetic structure among diverse isotopic signatures and observed movement patterns Filipa Isabel Pereira Samarra, Sonia Christina Marques Pascoal, Jefferson Alden Graves, Patrick Miller
Ecology and Evolution vol.Early View
Marine mammals and sonar Catriona M Harris, Len Thomas, Erin Falcone, John Hildebrand, Dorian Houser, Petter Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter A. Lam, Patrick Miller, David J. Moretti, Andrew Read, Hans Slabbekoorn, Brandon L. Southall, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Douglas Wartzok, Vincent Janik
Journal of Applied Ecology 2018 vol.55 pp.396-404
A multilevel society of herring-eating killer whales indicates adaptation to prey characteristics Filipa Isabel Pereira Samarra, Patrick Miller
Behavioral Ecology 2017 vol.28 pp.500-514
Avoidance responses of minke whales to 1–4 kHz naval sonar Petter H Kvadsheim, Stacy DeRuiter, Lise D Sivle, Jeremy Goldbogen, Rune Roland-Hansen, Patrick Miller, Frans-Peter A Lam, John Calambokidis, Ari Friedlaender, Fleur Visser, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Lars Kleivane, Brandon Southall
Marine Pollution Bulletin 2017 vol.121 pp.60-68
High diving metabolic rate indicated by high-speed transit to depth in negatively buoyant long-finned pilot whales Kagari Aoki, Katsufumi Sato, Saana Isojunno, Tomoko Narazaki, Patrick Miller
Journal of Experimental Biology 2017 vol.220 pp.3802-3811
Icelandic herring-eating killer whales feed at night Richard Gaëtan, Olga Alexandrovna Filatova, Filipa Isabel Pereira Samarra, Ivan D. Fedutin, Marc Lammers, Patrick Miller
Marine Biology 2017 vol.164
Individual, ecological, and anthropogenic influences on activity budgets of long-finned pilot whales Saana Isojunno, Dinara Sadykova, Stacy Lynn De Ruiter, Charlotte Curé, Fleur Visser, Len Thomas, Patrick Miller, Catriona M Harris
Ecosphere 2017 vol.8
Lack of behavioural responses of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) indicate limited effectiveness of sonar mitigation Paul Wensveen, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter A. Lam, Alexander M. von Benda-Beckmann, Lise D. Sivle, Fleur Visser, Charlotte Cure, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Patrick Miller
Journal of Experimental Biology vol.220 pp.4150-4161
Movements and site fidelity of killer whales (Orcinus orca) relative to seasonal and long-term shifts in herring (Clupea harengus) distribution Filipa Isabel Pereira Samarra, J. Béesau, V. B. Deecke, A. Fennell, Patrick Miller, H. Pétursson, J Sigurjónsson, G. A. Víkingsson
Marine Biology 2017 vol.164
Short first click intervals in echolocation trains of three species of deep diving odontocetes Peter Lloyd Tyack, Patrick Miller, Luke Edward Rendell
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 2017 vol.141 pp.900-907
Vocal foragers and silent crowds Fleur Visser, Annebelle C.M. Kok, Machiel G. Oudejans, Lindesay Alexandra Sarah Scott-Hayward, Stacy Lynn De Ruiter, Ana Catarina De Carvalho Alves, Ricardo Nuno Antunes, Saana Isojunno, Graham J. Pierce, Hans Slabbekoorn, Jef Huisman, Patrick Miller
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 2017 vol.71
Assessing the effectiveness of ramp-up during sonar operations using exposure models Alexander M. Von Benda-Beckmann, Paul Wensveen, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter A Lam, Patrick Miller, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Michael A. Ainslie
2016 vol.875 pp.1197-1203
Biological significance of sperm whale responses to sonar: comparison with anti-predator responses Charlotte Curé, Saana Isojunno, Fleur Visser, Paul Wensveen, Lise D. Sivle, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter A. Lam, Patrick Miller
Endangered Species Research 2016 vol.31 pp.89-102

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