Profile

Prof Patrick Miller

Prof Patrick Miller
Professor


My research focuses on social communication and behavioral ecology of marine mammals. I record and describe the behaviour patterns of marine mammals in order to elucidate their function, often using novel research tools. I seek to unravel how the marine environment and anthropogenic stressors such as sonar might influence foraging, social interactions, swimming behaviour, and body condition.

Current Projects

Novel methods to study body condition of cetaceans at sea

Body condition influences how animals trade-off foraging and anti-predator behaviors, and modulates responses to human disturbance. However, current methods for estimating lipid store body condition in cetaceans are descriptive or do not measure full-body fat stores. In this study, we are working to validate, establish and utilize a novel, non-invasive method to measure total body lipid-stores of free-ranging cetaceans by analysis of their underwater swimming pattern. The results of this study will establish and validate an innovative technique to measure body condition in cetaceans, and examine the interplay of body condition with foraging and anti-predator behaviors and reproductive status of females.

Killer whales in the North Atlantic

Killer whales are generalist predators as a species, but each population seems to be remarkably specialized on certain prey types. This project seeks to describe natural behaviour of killer whales in the North Atlantic, focusing upon interatctions between foraging behaviour, social interactions and acoustic communication of herring-feeding killer whales. Work in this area also seeks to explore interactions of killer whales with other speces, and how killer whales respond to underwater noise.

Effects of noise on cetaceans and other animals

The underwater environment is subject to the input of noise from human activities, but there are wide gaps in our understanding about how noise might affect marine mammals. My work within the international collaboration known as '3S' has focused on describing how several species of cetaceans respond to experimental presentation of sonar and various control sounds including killer whale sounds. To aid in management of this important problem, a key component of this work is to determine the levels of noise at which responses start I am using animal models ranging from the fruit fly D montana to long-finned pilot whale to explore how noise influences communication systems and how signallers might respond to noise within ecological and evolutionary time scales.

source: symbiosis

Research Overview:

My research focuses on communication and behavioural ecology of marine mammals. I record and describe the behaviour patterns of marine mammals in order to elucidate their function, and how life in the sea affects behaviour and physiology.  This research often makes use of novel research tools such as hydrophone arrays to identify which whale within a group is calling, and animal-attached tags.   Marine mammals live in a world increasingly affected by anthropogenic activity, and I have conducted several studies of how underwater noise affects behaviour of cetaceans, and the potential that disturbance might lead to lasting harm.

 

20 (of 112 /dk/atira/pure/researchoutput/status/published available) for pm29 (source: University of St Andrews PURE)
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Aerial photogrammetry and tag-derived tissue density reveal patterns of lipid-store body condition of humpback whales on their feeding grounds Kagari Aoki, Saana Isojunno, Charlotte Bellot, takahashi Iwata, Joanna Louise Kershaw, Yu Akiyama, Lucía Martina Martín López, Christian Ramp, Martin Biuw, Paul Wensveen, Patrick Pomeroy, Tomoko Narazaki, Ailsa Jane Hall, Katsufumi Sato, Patrick James Miller
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences 2021 vol. 288
Indication that the behavioural responses of humpback whales to killer whale sounds are influenced by trophic relationships Benjamin Benti, Patrick James Miller, Martin Biuw, Charlotte Curé
Marine Ecology Progress Series 2021 vol. 660 pp. 217-232
Modeling potential masking of echolocating sperm whales exposed to continuous 1–2 kHz naval sonar A M von Benda-Beckmann, Saana Isojunno, M Zandvliet, M A Ainslie, Paul Wensveen, Peter Lloyd Tyack, P H Kvadsheim, F P A Lam, Patrick James Miller
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 2021 vol. 149 pp. 2908-2925
Severity scoring of behavioral responses of sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus) to novel continuous versus conventional pulsed active sonar Charlotte Curé, Saana Isojunno, Marije J. Siemensma, Paul Wensveen, Célia Buisson, Lise D. Sivle, Benjamin Benti, Rune Roland, Petter H. Kvadscheim, Frans-Peter A. Lam, Patrick James Miller
Journal of Marine Science and Engineering 2021 vol. 9
Using an omnidirectional video logger to observe the underwater life of marine animals Takashi Iwata, Martin Biuw, Kagari Aoki, Patrick James Miller, Katsufumi Sato
Behavioural processes 2021 vol. 186
Diving apart together Annebelle C.M. Kok, Lisette van Kolfshoten, James A. Campbell, A.M. Von Benda-Beckmann, Patrick James Miller, Hans Slabbekoorn, F. Visser
Journal of Experimental Biology 2020 vol. 223
Improving estimates of diving lung volume in air-breathing marine vertebrates A. Fahlman, Katsufumi Sato, Patrick James Miller
Journal of Experimental Biology 2020 vol. 223
Short-term responses of sperm whales Physeter macrocephalus to the attachment of suction cup tags Victoria E. Warren, Patrick James Miller, Peter Lloyd Tyack
Marine Ecology Progress Series 2020 vol. 645 pp. 219-234
When the noise goes on Saana Isojunno, Paul Wensveen, Frans-Peter Lam, Petter Kvadsheim, Alexander M. von Brenda-Beckmann, Lucía Martina Martín López, Lars Kleivane, Patrick James Miller
Journal of Experimental Biology 2020 vol. 223
Assessing cetacean body condition Joanna Louise Kershaw, Andrew Brownlow, Christian Ramp, Patrick James Miller, Ailsa Jane Hall
Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 2019 vol. 29 pp. 271-282
Evidence for discrimination between feeding sounds of familiar fish and unfamiliar mammal-eating killer whale ecotypes by long-finned pilot whales Charlotte Curé, Saana Isojunno, Heike I Vester, Fleur Visser, Machiel Oudejans, Nicoletta Biassoni, Mathilde Massenet, Lucie Barluet de Beauchesne, Paul Wensveen, Lise D Sivle, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Patrick James Miller
Animal Cognition 2019 vol. 22 pp. 863-882
Foraging behavior and disruption in blue, fin, and humpback whales in relation to sonar exposure Catriona M Harris, M Louise Burt, Ann Allen, Paul Wensveen, Patrick James Miller, Lise Sivle
Aquatic Mammals 2019 vol. 45 pp. 646-660
Future directions in research on beaked whales Sascha Kate Hooker, Natacha Aguilar de Soto, Robin W. Baird, Emma Louise Carroll, Laura Feyrer, Patrick James Miller, Aubrie Onoufriou, Greg Schorr, Hal Whitehead
Frontiers in Marine Science 2019 vol. 5
Northern bottlenose whales in a pristine environment respond strongly to close and distant navy sonar signals Paul Wensveen, Saana Isojunno, Rune R. Hansen, Alexander M. Von Benda-beckmann, Lars Kleivane, Sander Van Ijsselmuide, Frans-peter A. Lam, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Stacy L. Deruiter, Charlotte Curé, Tomoko Narazaki, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Patrick James Miller
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 2019 vol. 286
Predicting acoustic dose associated with marine mammal behavioural responses to sound as detected with fixed acoustic recorders and satellite tags A.M. von Benda-Beckmann, Paul Wensveen, M. Prior, M.A. Ainslie, R. R. Hansen, Saana Isojunno, F.P.A. Lam, P.H. Kvadsheim, Patrick James Miller
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 2019 vol. 145 pp. 1401-1416
Body density of humpback whales (Megaptera novaengliae) in feeding aggregations estimated from hydrodynamic gliding performance Tomoko Narazaki, Saana Isojunno, Douglas P. Nowacek, Ari S. Friedlaender, Christian Ramp, Sophie Caroline Smout, Kagari Aoki, Volker Bernt Deecke, Katsufumi Sato, Patrick James Miller
PLoS ONE 2018 vol. 13
Breathing patterns indicate cost of exercise during diving and response to experimental sound exposures in long-finned pilot whales Saana Isojunno, Kagari Aoki, Charlotte Curé, Peter Kvadsheim, Patrick James Miller
Frontiers in Physiology 2018 vol. 9
Killer whales (Orcinus orca) in Iceland show weak genetic structure among diverse isotopic signatures and observed movement patterns Filipa Isabel Pereira Samarra, Sonia Christina Marques Pascoal, Jefferson Alden Graves, Patrick James Miller
Ecology and Evolution 2018 vol. 8 pp. 11900-11913
Marine mammals and sonar Catriona M Harris, Len Thomas, Erin Falcone, John Hildebrand, Dorian Houser, Petter Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter A. Lam, Patrick James Miller, David J. Moretti, Andrew Read, Hans Slabbekoorn, Brandon L. Southall, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Douglas Wartzok, Vincent Janik
Journal of Applied Ecology 2018 vol. 55 pp. 396-404
Movement and biosonar behavior during prey encounters indicate that male sperm whales switch foraging strategy with depth Saana Isojunno, Patrick James Miller
Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 2018 vol. 6

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