Profile

Prof Patrick Miller

Prof Patrick Miller
Professor


My research focuses on social communication and behavioral ecology of marine mammals. I record and describe the behaviour patterns of marine mammals in order to elucidate their function, often using novel research tools. I seek to unravel how the marine environment and anthropogenic stressors such as sonar might influence foraging, social interactions, swimming behaviour, and body condition.

Current Projects

Novel methods to study body condition of cetaceans at sea

Body condition influences how animals trade-off foraging and anti-predator behaviors, and modulates responses to human disturbance. However, current methods for estimating lipid store body condition in cetaceans are descriptive or do not measure full-body fat stores. In this study, we are working to validate, establish and utilize a novel, non-invasive method to measure total body lipid-stores of free-ranging cetaceans by analysis of their underwater swimming pattern. The results of this study will establish and validate an innovative technique to measure body condition in cetaceans, and examine the interplay of body condition with foraging and anti-predator behaviors and reproductive status of females.

Killer whales in the North Atlantic

Killer whales are generalist predators as a species, but each population seems to be remarkably specialized on certain prey types. This project seeks to describe natural behaviour of killer whales in the North Atlantic, focusing upon interatctions between foraging behaviour, social interactions and acoustic communication of herring-feeding killer whales. Work in this area also seeks to explore interactions of killer whales with other speces, and how killer whales respond to underwater noise.

Effects of noise on cetaceans and other animals

The underwater environment is subject to the input of noise from human activities, but there are wide gaps in our understanding about how noise might affect marine mammals. My work within the international collaboration known as '3S' has focused on describing how several species of cetaceans respond to experimental presentation of sonar and various control sounds including killer whale sounds. To aid in management of this important problem, a key component of this work is to determine the levels of noise at which responses start I am using animal models ranging from the fruit fly D montana to long-finned pilot whale to explore how noise influences communication systems and how signallers might respond to noise within ecological and evolutionary time scales.

source: symbiosis

Research Overview:

My research focuses on communication and behavioural ecology of marine mammals. I record and describe the behaviour patterns of marine mammals in order to elucidate their function, and how life in the sea affects behaviour and physiology.  This research often makes use of novel research tools such as hydrophone arrays to identify which whale within a group is calling, and animal-attached tags.   Marine mammals live in a world increasingly affected by anthropogenic activity, and I have conducted several studies of how underwater noise affects behaviour of cetaceans, and the potential that disturbance might lead to lasting harm.

 

Recent publications


20  (of 100 published available) for pm29. (source: University of St Andrews PURE)
Please click title of any item for full details.

2019 (25/1)
Frontiers in Marine Science
vol.5 
(Article)
Future directions in research on beaked whales
Sascha Kate Hooker, Natacha Aguilar de Soto, Robin W. Baird, Emma Louise Carroll, Laura Feyrer, Patrick Miller, Aubrie Onoufriou, Greg Schorr, Hal Whitehead 
Keywords: Beaked whale, Hyperoodon, Mesoplodon, Ziphius, Berardius
2018 (12/7)
PLoS ONE
vol.13 
(Article)
Body density of humpback whales (Megaptera novaengliae) in feeding aggregations estimated from hydrodynamic gliding performance
Tomoko Narazaki, Saana Isojunno, Douglas P. Nowacek, Ari S. Friedlaender, Christian Ramp, Sophie Caroline Smout, Kagari Aoki, Volker Bernt Deecke, Katsufumi Sato, Patrick Miller 

Bioacoustics
vol.Latest Articles  
(Article)
Crowd intelligence can discern between repertoires of killer whale ecotypes
Anastasya Yu. Danishevskaya, Olga Alexandrovna Filatova, Filipa Isabel Pereira Samarra, Patrick Miller, John K B Ford, Harald Yurk, Craig O. Matkin, Erich Hoyt 
Keywords: Crowd intelligence, Categorization, Killer whale, Dialect

Ecology and Evolution
vol.Early View 
(Article)
2018 (1)
Journal of Applied Ecology
vol.55 pp.396-404
(Review article)
Marine mammals and sonar
Catriona M Harris, Len Thomas, Erin Falcone, John Hildebrand, Dorian Houser, Petter Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter A. Lam, Patrick Miller, David J. Moretti, Andrew Read, Hans Slabbekoorn, Brandon L. Southall, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Douglas Wartzok, Vincent Janik 
Keywords: Sonar, Cetaceans, Human disturbance, Impact assessment, Anti-predator response, Anthropogenic noise, Behavioural response, Marine mammals, Dose response
2017 (15/8)
Marine Pollution Bulletin
vol.121 pp.60-68
(Article)
Avoidance responses of minke whales to 1–4 kHz naval sonar
Petter H Kvadsheim, Stacy DeRuiter, Lise D Sivle, Jeremy Goldbogen, Rune Roland-Hansen, Patrick Miller, Frans-Peter A Lam, John Calambokidis, Ari Friedlaender, Fleur Visser, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Lars Kleivane, Brandon Southall 
Keywords: Behavioural response, Naval sonar, Minke whale, Balaenoptera acutorostrata, North Pacific, North Atlantic
2017 (18/10)
Journal of Experimental Biology
vol.220 pp.3802-3811
(Article)
2017 (2)
Marine Biology
vol.164 
(Article)
Icelandic herring-eating killer whales feed at night
Richard Gaëtan, Olga Alexandrovna Filatova, Filipa Isabel Pereira Samarra, Ivan D. Fedutin, Marc Lammers, Patrick Miller 
Keywords: Killer whale, Diel behaviour, Acoustic communication, Feeding, Herring, Underwater tail slap, Herding call, Passive acoustic monitoring
2017 (12)
Ecosphere
vol.8 
(Article)
Individual, ecological, and anthropogenic influences on activity budgets of long-finned pilot whales
Saana Isojunno, Dinara Sadykova, Stacy Lynn De Ruiter, Charlotte Curé, Fleur Visser, Len Thomas, Patrick Miller, Catriona M Harris 
Keywords: Anthropogenic noise, Activity synchrony, Benthic habitat, Deep diving mammal, DTAG, Ethogram, Globicephala melas, Hidden Markov model, Naval sonar

Journal of Experimental Biology
vol.220 pp.4150-4161
(Article)
Lack of behavioural responses of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) indicate limited effectiveness of sonar mitigation
Paul Wensveen, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter A. Lam, Alexander M. von Benda-Beckmann, Lise D. Sivle, Fleur Visser, Charlotte Cure, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Patrick Miller 
Keywords: Behavioural response, Hearing loss, Naval sonar, Baleen whale, Anthropogenic noise, Ramp-up
2017 (1/8)
Marine Biology
vol.164 
(Article)
2017 (2)
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
vol.141 pp.900-907
(Article)
2017 (12)
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
vol.71 
(Article)
Vocal foragers and silent crowds
Fleur Visser, Annebelle C.M. Kok, Machiel G. Oudejans, Lindesay Alexandra Sarah Scott-Hayward, Stacy Lynn De Ruiter, Ana Catarina De Carvalho Alves, Ricardo Nuno Antunes, Saana Isojunno, Graham J. Pierce, Hans Slabbekoorn, Jef Huisman, Patrick Miller 
Keywords: Acoustic tags, Animal communication, Call, Foraging, Pilot whale, Social behaviourEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics, Animal Science and Zoology
2016
vol.875 pp.1197-1203
(Chapter)
Assessing the effectiveness of ramp-up during sonar operations using exposure models
Alexander M. Von Benda-Beckmann, Paul Wensveen, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter A Lam, Patrick Miller, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Michael A. Ainslie 
Keywords: Killer whales, Mitigation, Ramp-up, Soft start, SonarBiochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all), Medicine(all)
2016 (6/10)
Endangered Species Research
vol.31 pp.89-102
(Article)
Biological significance of sperm whale responses to sonar: comparison with anti-predator responses
Charlotte Curé, Saana Isojunno, Fleur Visser, Paul Wensveen, Lise D. Sivle, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter A. Lam, Patrick Miller 
Keywords: Sperm whales, Behavioral responses, Naval sonar, Anti-predator responses, Anthropogenic disturbance
2016 (17/8)
Journal of Experimental Biology
vol.219 pp.2458-2468
(Article)
2016
vol.875 pp.589-598
(Chapter)
Controlled sonar exposure experiments on cetaceans in norwegian waters
Frans-Peter A Lam, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Patrick Miller, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Michael A. Ainslie, Charlotte Cure, Lars Kleivane, Lise Doksaeter Sivle, Sander P. Van Ijsselmuide, Fleur Visser, Alexander M. Von Benda-Beckmann, Paul Wensveen, René P A Dekeling 
Keywords: Behavioral response, Dose response, SonarBiochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all), Medicine(all)

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