Dr Matt Carter

Dr Matt Carter
Post-Doctoral Research Fellow

My research interests focus on the behaviour and habitat use of marine vertebrates at sea. Using biologging technologies to track marine predators, I investigate the factors that affect their movement strategies and how they interact with their environment. I am particularly interested in how behavioural strategies develop in juvenile animals, and how we can quantify these behaviours from animal movement data using emerging statistical modelling techniques.

Current Projects:
I am currently working on a project under the INSITE program (INfluence of man-made Structures In The Ecosystem), funded by the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) and in collaboration with the Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (Cefas). My work on the EcoSTAR (Ecosystem-level importance of STructures as Artifical Reefs) project will investigate how man-made structures in the marine environment influence the distribution and behaviour of marine predators. This project will use a combination of satellite telemetry and survey data with advanced modelling techniques to understand to what extent oil and gas infrastructure and marine renewable energy developments function as artifical reefs. This work will provide key information to decision makers to help inform environmentally sensitive marine spatial planning and decommissioning strategies.

Past Projects:

In previous work at SMRU, funded by the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS), I used regional habitat preference models to understand the environmental drivers of at-sea distribution for grey and harbour seals around the British Isles. This project produced distribution maps based on habitat preference for the entire populations of both species in the British Isles.

In my PhD at the University of Plymouth (in collaboration with SMRU), I investigated how grey seal pups develop foraging behaviour and habitat preference. Using tracking and dive data from pups tagged at colonies in Scotland and Wales, I examined how diving behaviour and movement strategies develop over the first four months of nutritional independence; a time when pups are at increased risk of starvation. I found that male and female pups develop contrasting strategies from the first weeks after leaving the colony. However, this sex difference was only observed in Wales, suggesting that regional environmental factors influence the emergence of sex-specific behaviour. A large element of the study was to implement a novel statistical modelling tool to infer behaviour from movement data whilst accounting for the fact that movement characteristics of foraging and travelling change over time as pups develop.

In my MSc thesis at the University of Exeter (Cornwall Campus), I investigated the at-sea behaviour and habitat use of northern gannets at a large breeding colony in Wales. My research showed that both male and female breeding birds raft on the water surface adjacent to the colony before and after foraging trips. These findings have relevance for conservation, supporting a proposed seaward extension to the Special Protection Area (SPA), designed to protect important marine habitat for breeding gannets.

source: symbiosis

Research Overview:


4 (of 4 /dk/atira/pure/researchoutput/status/published available) for midc. (source: University of St Andrews PURE)
Please click title of any item for full details

From pup to predator Matthew Ian Daniel Carter, Brett T McClintock, Clare B Embling, Kimberley A Bennett, David Thompson, Debbie JF Russell
Oikos 2020 vol. 129 pp. 630-642
Predicting the exposure of diving grey seals to shipping noise Leah Trigg, Feng Chen, Georgy Shapiro, Simon Ingram, Cecile Vincent, David Thompson, Debbie JF Russell, Matthew Ian Daniel Carter, Clare Embling
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 2020 vol. 148 pp. 1014-1029
GPS tracking reveals rafting behaviour of Northern Gannets (Morus bassanus) Matthew Ian Daniel Carter, Samantha L. Cox, Kylie L. Scales, Anthony W. J. Bicknell, Matthew D. Nicholson, Kelly M. Atkins, Greg Morgan, Lisa Morgan, James Grecian, Samantha C. Patrick, Stephen C. Votier
Bird Study 2016 vol. 63 pp. 83-95
Navigating uncertain waters: a critical review of inferring foraging behaviour from location and dive data in pinnipeds Matthew Ian Daniel Carter, Kimberley A. Bennett, Clare B. Embling, Philip J. Hosegood, Debbie JF Russell
Movement Ecology 2016 vol. 4

Contact Details:

Dr Matt Carter
Scottish Oceans Institute
East Sands
University of St Andrews
St Andrews
KY16 8LB



Sea Mammal Research Unit
School of Biology
Scottish Oceans Institute

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