Dr Douglas Gillespie
Back in the 1980’s available computers were not powerful enough to process acoustic data in real time. However, with the increased power available since the mid 90’s, it is now possible to develop software that will detect and classify sounds in real time on affordable PC’s.
As computers become ever more powerful, we have been able to develop more sophisticated detectors for more and more species, increasing the range of frequencies we can work at and the number of channels of data that can be processed. Now that we no longer hunger for more processing power, the trend in affordable computing has been for smaller and lower power devices. Indeed, most of us carry a mobile phone containing a processor that is more than capable of carrying out serious amounts of real-time data processing. Much of my current research therefore involves the development of detection systems that can run on low power devices mounted on moored buoys and autonomous vehicles such as submarine gliders. As well as the challenge of making useful detections on a limited power budget, we are also addressing the problem of how to interpret this type of data: for instance, if I hear 10,000 echolocation clicks from my glider, how many animals are there ?
Passive acoustic monitoring (PAM) is an effective way of detecting many species of cetacean and has an important role in abundance surveys and in detecting cetaceans in the vicinity of certain human activities which may cause harm, such as seismic surveys, military sonar exercises and even shipping.
Passive acoustic detection of beaked whales
Beaked whales are one of the least known marine mammal species due to their offshore habitat and deep diving behaviour. We are investigating the use of passive acoustics as a means of detecting beaked whales using towed hydrophones close to the surface. Several beaked whale species are known to produce narrow band high frequency clicks during deep foraging dives. Many beaked whale species have not yet been recorded.
The four main focuses of our research are
- To assess how efficiently beaked whale can be detected.
- To develop software which can automatically detect beaked whale clicks and tell them apart from other species.
- To try to record the sounds of previously unrecorded beaked whale species.
- To test the effectiveness of passive acoustic monitoring in developing habitat use models for beaked whales.
PAMGUARD is open source software for the detection and localisation of marine mammal vocalisations. It is optimised for real time use in the field and has applications both in abundance survey and in mitigation monitoring. I manage the PAMGUARD project and wrote both the core structure of the PAMGUARD and many of the detection, localisation and mapping modules within the software.
8 (of 8 published available) for dg50 with keyword Monitoring clear keyword filter. (source: University of St Andrews PURE)
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Marine Pollution Bulletin
Ursula K. Verfuss, Douglas Michael Gillespie, Jonathan Charles David Gordon, Tiago A. Marques, Brianne Miller, Rachael Plunkett, James A. Theriault, Dominic John Tollit, Daniel P. Zitterbart, Philippe Hubert, Len Thomas
Keywords: Marine mammals, Monitoring methods, Underwater noise, Seismic survey, Detection performance, Low visibility
Marine Ecology Progress Series
Chloe Elizabeth Malinka, Douglas Michael Gillespie, Jamie Donald John MacAulay, Ruth Joy, Carol Elizabeth Sparling
Keywords: Collision risk, Echolocation, Environmental monitoring, Harbour porpoise, Marine renewables, Passive acoustic monitoring, Tidal energyEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics, Aquatic Science, Ecology
Marine Pollution Bulletin
Gillian Tracey Braulik, Anja Wittich, Jamie Donald John MacAulay, Magreth Kasuga, Jonathan Charles David Gordon, Tim Davenport, Douglas Michael Gillespie
Keywords: Explosives, Destructive fishing, Acoustic monitoring, Tanzania, Resource management, Fisheries managementEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Jamie Donald John MacAulay, Jonathan Charles David Gordon, Douglas Michael Gillespie, Chloe Elizabeth Malinka, Simon Northridge
Carol Elizabeth Sparling, Douglas Michael Gillespie, Gordon Drummond Hastie, Jonathan Charles David Gordon, Jamie Donald John MacAulay, Chloe Elizabeth Malinka, Mick Wu, Bernie J McConnell
Keywords: marine renewables, passive acoustic monitoring, active acoustic monitoring, tidal energy, Marine mammalScottish Government, NERC
Methods in Ecology and Evolution
Ben Stevenson, David Louis Borchers, R. Altwegg, Douglas Michael Gillespie, G.J. Measey
Keywords: Anura, Bootstrap, Frog advertisement call, Maximum likelihood, Pyxicephalidae, Spatially explicit captureârecapture, Time of arrival
Methods in Oceanography
L. Suberg, R.B. Wynn, J.V.D. Kooij, L. Fernand, S. Fielding, D. Guihen, Douglas Michael Gillespie, Mark Johnson, I.J. Allan, B. Vrana, P.I. Miller, D. Smeed, A.R. Jones
Keywords: Autonomous underwater vehicles, Submarine glider, Slocum, Ecosystem monitoring, Multiple trophic levels
Philip Steven Hammond, Kelly Macleod, Per Berggren, David Louis Borchers, M Louise Burt, Ana CaÃ±adas, Genevieve Desportes, Greg P Donovan, Anita Gilles, Douglas Michael Gillespie, Jonathan Charles David Gordon, Lex Hiby, Iwona Kuklik, Russell Leaper, Kristina Lehnert, Mardik Leopold, Philip Lovell, Nils Ãien, Charles G. M. Paxton, Vincent Ridoux, Emer Rogan, Filipa Isabel Pereira Samarra, Meike Scheidat, Marina Sequeira, Ursula Siebert, Henrik Skov, Mark Tasker, Jonas Teilmann, Olivier Van Canneyt, JosÃ© Antonio VÃ¡zquez
Keywords: Conservation status, North Sea, Line transect sampling, SCANS, Harbour porpoise, Bottlenose dolphin, Common dolphin, White-beaked dolphin, Minke whale, Bycatch, Habitats Directive
Contact Details:Dr Douglas Gillespie
Scottish Oceans Institute
University of St Andrews
tel: 01334 462663
Sea Mammal Research Unit
School of Biology
Scottish Oceans Institute
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